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锘挎澀宸炵敺澹吇鐢熶繚鍋?
r to communicate with his colleague. It returned pursued 鏉窞娲楁荡妗戞嬁鍏ㄥ by the Spaniards, to report to the governor that Vigo had fallen[315]. On its way back to Tuy it suffered a loss of seventy prisoners and nearly 200 killed and wounded.

Heudelet and Lamartini猫re had now some 7,000 men collected at Tuy, a force with which they could easily have routed the

鏉窞spa涓婇棬鏈嶅姟

whole of the insurgents of the Minho, and forced them to retire into the mountains. But Soult鈥檚 orders to his lieutenants were to avoid operations in Galicia, and to concentrate towards Portugal. Tuy was evacuated, and its garrison transferred across the frontier-river to the 鏉窞瓒虫荡璁哄潧 Portuguese fortress of Valenza. Before the transference was completed, the French generals received an unexpected visit from some troops of the 6th Corps. Ney, disquieted as to the condition of Tuy and Vigo, had sent a brigade under Maucune to seek for news of their garrisons. 鏉窞妗戞嬁鑰嶈€?This force, cutting its way through the insurgents, came into[p. 265] Tuy on April 12. Thus Heudelet was at last able to get news of the operations of Ney. The information received was not encouraging: the Duke of Elchingen was beset by the Galicians on every side: La Romana had cut off one of his 鏉窞涓嶆瑙勮冻娴?outlying garrisons, that of Villafranca, and his communications with Leon were so completely cut off that he had no reports to give as to the progress of affairs in the rest of Spain. Finding that Vigo was lost, and the garrison of Tuy relieved, Maucune retraced his steps 鏉窞鎸夋懇鍏ㄥ and returned to Santiago, harassed for the whole of his march by the insurgents of the coast-land.

Meanwhile Heudelet鈥檚 communication with Oporto had been interrupted, for the Portuguese, routed on the Lima a week before, had come back to their old haunts, seized Braga, 鏉窞娲楁荡鐗规湇 and blocked the high-road and the bridges. Soult only got into touch with his expeditionary force by sending out Lahoussaye with 3,000 men to reopen the road to the North. When this was done, he bade Heudelet evacuate Valenza (whose fortifications turned out to be in too bad order to be repaired in 鏉窞澶滅綉妗戞嬁浣撻獙璁哄潧 any reasonable space of time), and to disperse his division in garrisons for Braga, Viana, and Barcelos. The whole of the convoy and the sick from Tuy were sent up to Oporto.

The net result of Heudelet鈥檚 operations was that the Marshal, at the cost of immobilizing one 鏉窞浣欐澀鍖烘寜鎽╂湇鍔?of his four infantry divisions, obtained a somewhat precarious hold upon the flat country of Entre-Douro-e-Minho. The towns were in his hands, but the Ordenanza had only retired to the hills, and perpetually descended to worry Heudelet鈥檚 detachments, and to murder couriers and foraging parties. Meanwhile 4,000 men were wasted for all purposes of offensive action. Vigo, Tuy, and Valenza had all been abandoned, and touch with the army of Galicia had been completely lost.

Even this modest amount of success had been denied to Soult鈥檚 second expedition, that which he 鏉窞娲楁荡鏈嶅姟 had sent under Loison towards the Tras-os-Montes. The enemy with whom the French had to deal in this region was Silveira, the same officer who had been defeated between Monterey and Chaves in the early days of Mar